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Sailor Saturn/Hotaru Tomoe

Explanationes Notationis in Latin Word(s) of the Post

"Explanationes Notationis in Latin Word(s) of the Post"
"Explanations of the Notations in the Latin Word(s) of the Post"

Here are explanations for the notation that I use for my Latin Word(s) of the Post (LWotP):

Adjectives

  • -us -a -um: the -us modifies masculine nouns, the -a modifies feminine nouns, and -um modifies neuter words.
      e.g. bonus -a -um, as in bonus, bona, bonum, "good."


  • [particular ending] -is -e: this is a third-declension adjective of three terminations; the [particular ending] modifies masculine nouns, the -is modifies feminine nouns, and -e modifies neuter words.
      e.g. acer -cris -cre, as in acer, acris, acre, "sharp."


  • -is -e: this is a third-declension adjective of two terminations; the -is modifies masculine and feminine nouns, and the -e modifies neuter words.
      e.g. gravis -e, as in gravis, grave, "heavy."


  • [particular ending] -is: this is a third-declension adjective of one termination; the [particular ending] modifies masculine, feminine, and neuter nouns, but -is is the genitive singular form.
      e.g. sapiens -entis, as in sapiens, sapientis, "wise."

Genders

  • m.: masculine. All words that refer to male people are masculine; some words that refer to sexless entities are masculine.

  • f.: feminine. All words that refer to female people are feminine; some words that refer to sexless entities are feminine.

  • n.: neuter. Some words that refer to sexless entities are neuter.

Nouns

  • -ae/-es/-as -ae: this is a singular first-declension noun that is feminine or masculine.
      e.g. puella -ae, as in puella, puellae, "girl."


  • -e -es: this is a singular first-declension noun that is (usually) feminine.
      e.g. epitome -es, as in epitome, epitomes, "epitome."


  • -ae -arum: this is a plural first-declension noun that is feminine or masculine.
      e.g. puellae -arum, as in puellae, puellarum, "girls."


  • -us/-r/-os -i: this is a singular second-declension noun that is masculine of feminine.
      e.g. servus -i, as in servus, servi, "servant."


  • -i -orum: this is a plural second-declension noun that is masculine of feminine.
      e.g. servi -orum, as in servi, servorum, "servants."


  • -um/-on/-us -i: this is a singular second-declension noun that is (usually) neuter.
      e.g. bellum -i, as in bellum, belli, "war."


  • -a -orum: this is a plural second-declension noun that is (usually) neuter.
      e.g. bella -orum, as in bella, bellorum, "wars."


  • [particular ending] -is/-os: this is a singular third-declension noun that is masculine, feminine, or neuter.
      e.g. canis -is, as in canis, canis, "dog."


  • [particular ending] -um: this is a plural third-declension noun that is masculine, feminine, or neuter.
      e.g. canes -um, as in canes, canum, "dogs."


  • [particular ending] -ium: this is a plural third-declension i-stem noun that is masculine, feminine, or neuter.
      e.g. turres -ium, as in turres, turrium, "towards."


  • -us -us: this is a singular fourth-declension noun that is masculine or feminine.
      e.g. manus -us, as in manus, manus, "hand."


  • -us -uum: this is a plural fourth-declension noun that is masculine or feminine.
      e.g. manus -uum, as in manus, manuum, "hands."


  • -u -us: this is a singular fourth-declension noun that is neuter.
      e.g. cornu -us, as in cornu, cornus, "horn."


  • -u -uum: this is a plural fourth-declension noun that is neuter.
      e.g. cornua -uum, as in cornua, manuum, "horns."


  • -es -ei: this is a singular fifth-declension noun that is masculine or feminine.
      e.g. dies -ei, as in dies, diei, "day."


  • -es -erum: this is a plural fifth-declension noun that is masculine or feminine.
      e.g. dies -erum, as in dies, dierum, "days."


  • ind.: indeclinable. This word has only one grammatical form.
      e.g. fas ind. n. "divine law."

Verbs

Sometimes the principal parts of a verb are listed (amo, amare, amavi, amatus). Other times, however, I might list just the infinitive, which usually ends in -re (amare, "to love"). The varieties of the principal parts are too numerous to list here.
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Sailor Saturn/Hotaru Tomoe

November 2013

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